Delhi and 14 districts in the country are responsible for more than 60 percent of all reported cases of Kovid 19 in India, according to federal think tank Niti Ayoga, whose president, Amitabh Kant, said that close surveillance and aggressive testing, treatment and containment are needed to curb the spread of the disease.
Delhi, which comprises 11 districts, registered 12.62 percent of all cases in the country on Monday. Mumbai and Indore are included in 14 other provinces.
It’s our job to present the national picture, but it’s up to the state governments to take decisive and ruthless deterrence measures, increase testing, isolate and deal with to reduce the number of cases, Kant said. These are the 15 places that account for more than 1% of cases in India, and here we need to smooth the curve to win the fight against the virus, Kant said.
According to him, there are now 33 other districts that have registered more than 100 cases each.
In addition to the data, Niti Aayoga also presented a weekly trend in the number of cases showing that most states, with the exception of Maharashtra and Delhi, have begun to shrink with these 15 high-tax areas.
However, it is not enough to show a decline in one week; it must be constant for three or four weeks to be a correct indicator of a downward trend. That’s why I also emphasized the trend in Kerala, which shows that this trend is steadily declining week after week. We have to learn from what Kerala did, Kant said.
Most of the 15 places mentioned by Thread Yoga are big cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad and Ahmedabad. The experts are of the opinion that this is mainly due to the population density in these cities and the distortion of the procedure.
These cities represent the majority of reported cases in their respective states: Mumbai: 33% in Maharashtra; Ahmedabad: 66% in Gujarat; Indore: 49.5% in Madhya Pradesh; and Hyderabad: 55.6% in Tehran.
When you see large cities, population density leads to a faster spread of infectious diseases. In the area of testing, we also have experience in conducting more tests in urban areas, said Dr. T. Jacob John, Honorary Professor and former Director of Virology at Christian Medical College in Vellore.
Delhi also has the highest number of cases in areas with a high percentage of slums and resettlement sites.
The analysis of NitiA Yoga is wrong to consider Delhi as a whole. It is not that the whole of Delhi reports a large number of cases, but in some areas. In the districts where this is happening, there are slums and resettlement sites where it is impossible to maintain social distance, said Dr Jugal Kishore, head of the public health department of Safdarjung Hospital.
Experts say that it is public participation that can help reduce the number of cases, not block them. What we need to do is interact with society, hold it responsible for social distance and other actions, Dr. Kishore said.
Dr John cited the example of Kerala, where the authorities quarantine all those entering the state from abroad or from other parts of India.
Maybe the government should have gone to communities like Dharavi in Mumbai, explained the disease to them and asked them to start wearing masks a month ago. Cities such as Ahmedabad, where population density is lower, can still implement these measures, but for large cities such as Delhi and Mumbai the government can only take responsibility for firefighting.